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RELI 448N Midterm (Summer 2019)

1. Question: Which of the following is not one of the 8 Elements of Religion? 2. Question: If the Divine is seen as being beyond space and time, it is: 3. Question: A technique that sets aside ordinary categories of analysis and makes use, instead, of unexpected perspectives on cultural elements is: 4. Question: The outsider’s view, which attempts to take as objective an approach as possible to the study of religion, is: 5. Question: The philosophical position that all apparently separate realities are ultimately one is called: 6. Question: Vishnu has ten major incarnations called: 7. Question: Which of the following is not one of the 5 castes of India? 8. Question: The physical postures and practices that we most associate with the term “yoga” are more accurately called: 9. Question: Written meditations on the spiritual essence of the universe and the self are called: 10. Question: The spiritual discipline of devotion to a deity or a teacher is called: 11. Question: The “royal” discipline of meditation is called: 12. Question: The Buddha of the Western Paradise is called: 13. Question: This term literally means impermanence: 14. Question: A term for the cycle of birth, old age, sickness, death, and rebirth: 15. Question: A sacred text that records the words of the Buddha is called a: 16. Question: The approach to Buddhism that rejects the personal quest for enlightenment, instead embracing the idea that enlightenment must be universally shared by all sentient beings is called: 17. Question: A book of sayings attributed to Confucius and his early disciples is the: 18. Question: The receptive aspect of reality that expresses itself in silence, darkness, and coolness is called: 19. Question: After the Bible, the “________” is the world’s most frequently translated book. 20. Question: The “second sage” of Confucianism was: 21. Question: Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's theory about the origin of religions with William James's theory. How does each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Now analyze how the insights of Freud orJames might illuminate one of the religious traditions we have studied so far. How would Freud or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual).

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